Daily Current affairs IAS UPSC – March 24 2017

THE HINDU DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS GS syllabus wise 

24.03.2017

daily current affairs for upsc

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GENERAL STUDIES 01 current affairs

 

  • Majuli island

  • Majuli island situated in Brahmaputra river that is biggest river island in the world

  • Recently government of Assam designated it as island district and first time river island become district

  • This island present biologically wealthy ecotone with some key species but island recently due to frequent flooding become victim of the weathering

GENERAL STUDIES 02 current affairs

  • IS takes responsibility of Britain attack

  • IS take responsibility of the recent attack on Westminster area by ramping car and one young arrested also have criminal track record in history

  • Why European becoming such easy target for the attack that remains mystery

  • For that primary reason will be refugee crisis and role played by Europe in gulf war or gulf destruction

  • European country security standard should be made strong because in past year major attack has been done in this region

 

  • Do we need presidential system of governance

  1. left view
  • This debate is academic. A switchover to the presidential system is not possible under our present constitutional scheme because of the ‘basic structure’ doctrine propounded by the Supreme Court in 1973 which has been accepted by the political class without reservation, except for an abortive attempt during the Emergency by Indira Gandhi’s government to have it overturned.

  • The Constituent Assembly had made an informed choice after considering both the British model and the American model and after Dr. B.R. Ambedkar had drawn up a balance sheet of their merits and demerits.

  • A presidential system centralizes power in one individual unlike the parliamentary system, where the Prime Minister is the first among equals. The surrender to the authority of one individual, as in the presidential system, is dangerous for democracy.

  • A diverse country like India cannot function without consensus building. This “winner takes it all” approach, which is a necessary consequence of the presidential system, is likely to lead to a situation where the views of an individual can ride roughshod over the interests of different segments.

  • Those who speak in favour of a presidential system have only the Centre in mind. They have not thought of the logical consequence,
    which is that we will have to move simultaneously to a “gubernatorial” form in the States.

  1. right view
  • Our parliamentary system is a perversity only the British could have devised: to vote for a legislature in order to form the executive. It has created a unique breed of legislator, largely unqualified to legislate, who has sought election only in order to wield executive power.

  • The legislature cannot truly hold the executive accountable since the government wields the majority in the House. The parliamentary system does not permit the existence of a legislature distinct from the executive, applying its collective mind freely to the nation’s laws.

  • For 25 years till 2014, our system has also produced coalition governments which have been obliged to focus more on politics than on policy or performance.

  • Democracy, as I have long argued, is vital for India’s survival: we are right to be proud of it. But few Indians are proud of the kind of politics our democracy has inflicted upon us. With the needs and challenges of one-sixth of humanity before our leaders, we must have a democracy that delivers progress to our people.

  1. center view
  • I think the debate has a life cycle of its own. It has been brought up and discussed whenever there has been a super-majority government.

  • From Jawaharlal Nehru to Indira Gandhi to the present, the presidential system has been debated extensively around two aspects: is it desirable, and second, is it feasible?

  • To tackle the second aspect first, unless the Supreme Court changes its mind, any such amendment would violate the ‘basic structure’ of the Constitution as was decided with, and since, the Kesavnanda Bharti case. There is no way to get around this unless the Supreme Court now takes a wholly different view

GENERAL STUDIES 03 current affairs

  • Shut down of CSIR tech branch

  • It takes money to make money. CSIR-Tech, the commercialization arm of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), realized this the hard way when it had to shut down its operations for lack of funds. CSIR has filed more than 13,000 patents — 4,500 in India and 8,800 abroad — at a cost of ₹50 crore over the last three years.

  • Acquiring Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) comes out of our blind adherence to the idea of patenting as an index of innovation. The private sector commercializes patents through the licensing of technology and the sale of patented products to recover the money spent in R&D. But when the funds for R&D come from public sources, mimicking the private sector may not be the best option.

  • While it’s true that it costs lakhs of rupees to get a patent in India, government-funded research organizations are likely to spend more money on patents so long as they are not asked to bear the risk.

  • Reckless filing of patents using public funds may be explained by the economic concept of moral hazard. According to economist Paul Krugman, it happens in “any situation in which one person makes the decision about how much risk to take, while someone else bears the cost if things go badly”.

  • In the case of public-funded research, the reckless filing of patents without due diligence results from the moral hazard of the government bearing the risk of patents that doesn’t generate revenue.

  • The National IPR Policy released last year does not offer any guideline on distinguishing IPR generated using public funds from private ones — it views every IPR with private objectives by insisting on commercialization.

  • Dissemination of technology to the masses, participation in nation-building and creating public goods are rarely objectives that drive the private sector.

  • Melting polar ice

  • The sea ice cover in the Arctic and the Antarctic hit new record lows for this time of year, marking the smallest polar ice caps in the 38-year satellite record.

  • The disappearing sea ice comes as the planet has marked three years in a row of record-breaking heat, raising new concerns about the accelerating pace of global warming and the need to curb burning of fossil fuels which spew heat-trapping greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere. The ice floating in the Arctic Ocean grows and shrinks on a seasonal cycle, reaching its largest size in March and its smallest at the end of the summer melt in September.

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